In 2007 the Friends of Amache (which consists of the Amache Historical Society, the Amache Club, the Amache Preservation Society, and the Town of Granada) collaborated with the National Park Service and other preservation partners to produce a Comprehensive Interpretive Plan and Conceptual Development Plan outlining the interpretive, educational and site goals for Amache. An essential element of the Plan includes returning buildings to the site, primarily barracks and other iconic structures. The Plan also described the need for a visitor center and additional educational and interpretive opportunities for site visitors.
Working in partnership with the Friends of Amache, the National Trust for Historic Preservation and Colorado Preservation, Inc. are undertaking several projects designed to further these goals.
What Became of the Buildings from Amache?
The vast majority of Amache’s original building stock was dispersed through sale by the War Assets Administration in 1947, leaving foundations and the street grid as the only physical reminders of the placement of buildings and vast expanse of the camp. Among the goals of the Comprehensive Plan is the creation of a more interactive, sensory visitor experience at Amache that can be provided through the physical presence of buildings at the site. The Friends of Amache and partners wish to develop a barrack block or cluster of buildings on-site that would potentially include a mess hall, barrack building(s), guard tower, water tower, and a portion of camp fencing. A Building Stock Survey was recently undertaken to determine what became of Amache’s buildings upon the camp’s closure. This project was undertaken by Colorado Preservation, Inc. and was supported by a grant from the National Park Service (Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program), and the Friends of Amache (which consists of Amache Historical Society, the Amache Club, the Amache Preservation Society, and the Town of Granada). The Building Stock Survey identified the locations of residential, administrative, institutional, and civic buildings within the southeastern region of Colorado (including Baca, Bent, Crowley, Kiowa, Otero, Las Animas, and Prowers counties) and immediate areas of the adjoining states of Kansas and Oklahoma. The survey’s results are informing future plans for the site development. Using archival research, the survey identified likely locations of building stock in the project area, which included the 110 mile radius of Amache. Once sites were identified, inventory forms of existing building stock were completed, including evaluation of the buildings’ physical and historic integrity. The report prioritized identified building stock for relocation to Amache, and assessed the feasibility thereof. The final report with recommendations on the future physical relocation of buildings, on-site stabilization, historic rehabilitation/restoration, interpretation, and potential related preservation funding sources can be read here.
Returning the Water Tower and a Guard Tower to Amache
A rehabilitation and reconstruction plan for the landmark water tower, which rose high above the camp, was completed in the spring of 2012 with funding support from National Park Service (Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program), Colorado Preservation, Inc., the University of Denver Amache Project, the Friends of Amache and the Amache Preservation Society. The original tank portion was found largely intact under ownership of the Fletcher family who owns a ranch 20 miles south of Granada. When the Fletchers donated the tank (which was in use there since 1947), to the Amache Preservation Society in February 2010, an architectural/structural engineering plan was developed to stabilize, move, and then store the tank for safe-keeping until the rehabilitation/reconstruction of the full water tower can be carried out. In early December 2010, while collecting the water tank materials from the Fletcher property, nearly all of the original water tower’s parts were discovered in a refuse pile not far from the tank site. The parts included the wooden “legs,” more than 300 fasteners bolts and plates, and the original platform on which the water tower sat. These materials were thought to have been lost when the camp was abandoned in 1947, so imagine the surprise and delight of this discovery more than 60 years later! These found parts have been accurately incorporated into the design documents for the water tower’s reconstruction. An interpretive panel design (Click here to see the panel) and fabrication is also included in the project. Additionally, a similar project to design a reconstructed guard tower was completed in the spring of 2012. Click here to see the design documents for the water and guard towers. With funding and in-kind support from National Park Service (Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program), the Amache Historical Society, the Friends of Amache, the University of Denver and the National Trust for Historic Preservation, historically accurate plans were developed using historical research and photographic evidence. (Click here to see a model of the guard tower) Funding and in-kind support has now been secured from the National Park Service (Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program), Colorado Preservation, Inc. and the Colorado State Historical Fund, the National Trust for Historic Preservation, the University of Denver and the University of Colorado-Denver to undertake the actual rehabilitation/reconstruction of the water tower and guard tower, as well as installation interpretive panels to give visitors more information about these structures. (Click here to see a rendering of the guard tower.) This project will be underway in 2012, so stay tuned as these towers reappear on the Granada landscape.
Telling the Story to Visitors
Funds from the National Park Service are being used to develop and implement several different types of on-site interpretation, including an audio Podcast tour of Amache featuring voices of former internees, an enhanced website (you are visiting it today!) and additional interpretive panels that tell visitors about people, activities and buildings once present there.
Showing How Internees Lived
The most recent project initiated is identification of a barrack that can be returned back to Amache and making necessary plans to return and stabilize it on its new site. The barrack is now located in Stonington, CO and had been used for housing at a ranch. Funding and support is coming from the National Park Service (Japanese American Confinement Sites Grant Program) and the Colorado State Historical Fund, Colorado Preservation, Inc., the University of Denver and the University of Colorado-Denver. This work will be ongoing through 2013. Click here if you are interested in making a donation toward this or any of our preservation efforts.